Darius Fagan

Research Projects

28 Nov 17
with: Department of Corrections categories: Literature reviewResearchCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsPrisoners

Editorial - Stephen Cunningham

Addressing the imbalance: Enhancing women's opportunities to build offence free lives through gender responsivity - Hannah McGlue

Collaborative, relational and responsive: Principles for the case management of women in prison - Marianne Bevan

Methamphetamine use disorders among New Zealand prisoners - Jill Bowman

Strengthening continuity of care: Corrections' Alcohol and Other Drug Aftercare Worker Pilot - Caitlin Chester

Suicide in New Zealand prisons - 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2016 - Robert Jones

Transforming intervention and support for at-risk prisoners - Deborah Alleyne

The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale: Validation for use as a screen for suicide risk in New Zealand prisons and probation settings - Dr Nick Wilson

An introduction to countering violent extremism - Jayde Walker

The last defence against gang crime: Exploring community approaches to gang member reintegration - part I - Armon Tamatea

Supported accommodation services for released offenders in New Zealand - a review - Diane Hallot and Madeline Patterson

From Māori Therapeutic Programmes to Mauri Tū Pae - Tara Hape

A review of the Saili Matagi Programme for make Pasifika prisoners - Lucy King and Sosefo Bourke

Measuring practice quality: A new approach in a Corrections setting - Giles Sulllivan

Safety leadership - creating a positive safety culture at Corrections - Louise Giles and Colin du Plessis

An integrated approach: Holistic assessment of vocational trainees - Graeme Couper

Do your stretch: Yoga as a rehabilitative intervention - Dr John Sinclair

Good to Grow: How's it working - Sebastian Collin Smyth and Darius Fagan

Focus groups in prison - Sophia Walter

Role differences between psychologists who work in Corrections and those who work in Forensic Health Services - Glen Kilgour and Nicola Tiller

Book review: Sport in Prison: Exploring the role of physical activity in corrections settings -Rosie Meek reviewed by Alan Walmsley

04 Aug 17
with: Department of Corrections categories: Literature reviewResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisons
14 Jul 15
with: Department of Corrections categories: EvaluationLiterature reviewResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsEmployment & LabourSocial ServicesFamilies & WhānauHealthcareMental HealthChildrenPrisonersYouthCommunicating

Volume 2 Issue 2 of Practice: The New Zealand Corrections Journal focuses on Motivational Interviewing and includes:

  • Editorial - Nikki Reynolds, Chief Psychologist
  • Motivational Interviewing: A useful skill for correctional staff? - Dr Eileen Britt (PhD, PGDipClinPsych, MSocSci, BSc)
  • Motivational Interviewing and the bigger picture: Where is MI now? - Helen Mentha, Joel Porter
  • The ingredients of change: Combining Motivational Interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy in the Short Motivational Programme - Dr Mei Wah Williams, Dr Kevin P. Austin
  • Is the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale (URICA) a useful measure in detecting change in motivation? - Dr Mei Wah Williams, Abigail Yong
  • Motivational Interviewing in Corrections Medium Intensity Group Programmes - Lucy King
  • The north and south of Motivational Interviewing - Darius Fagan, Lis Owens, Tracey Maioha, Graham Dack
  • Corrections Pilots Motivational Partnership with Child, Youth and Family - Lauren Ball
  • Using Motivational Interviewing in a therapeutic group setting: Tales from the inside - Sheila Ayala, Steve Smithson
  • Motivational approaches in practice – a real life case management example - Sacha Thorby
  • Therapeutic communities: From a programme in a prison to the prison as the programme - Paul R. Whitehead
  • Promoting healthy choices: Motivational Interviewing for physical and mental health issues - Drs Marleen Verhoeven, Heidi Baxter, Debra Hayes and Dr Willem Louw
  • Book Review: Motivational Interviewing – Helping People Change (Third edition) - Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2013). New York: Guilford Press. Reviewed by: Leisa Adsett


Welcome to our issue on Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a therapeutic technique that is effective with a number of populations to whom
change would be beneficial. Internationally, practitioners are using it with individuals and groups to encourage and sustain change.

Here at Corrections in New Zealand, our psychologists have used motivational techniques for many years with measurable benefits, complementing other techniques such as cognitive behavioural therapy. The success of MI in these settings has encouraged Corrections to train staff more widely in MI approaches and to develop a range of motivational interventions including the Short Motivational Programme (SMP), delivered by programme facilitators, and brief motivational interventions delivered by case managers and probation officers. Right Track, the programme developed for use by corrections officers, is based on MI. MI requires a good deal of training, practise and supervision before it delivers its full benefits, and Corrections is fortunate to have pockets of excellence, such as the Special Treatment Units, that are informing practice for the rest of the organisation. We expect that as we gain experience of MI as an organisation we will reap more benefits in helping to motivate offenders to change and to sustain that change.

We have put this issue of the Journal together to work equally well for those readers who want to read only those articles that are relevant to them, and for those readers who want to immerse themselves in the topic by reading the whole issue. For that reason each paper works as a ‘stand alone’ read. Some of the descriptions of MI may seem slightly repetitive, however, each has a slant that fits the topic of the article. We are lucky to have contributions from experts in Australia and NZ who have worked with and trained our Corrections staff. Helen Mentha and Joel Porter provide views on the current use of MI in other settings and Eileen Britt discusses how useful MI skills are in a correctional setting in NZ.

There are papers from Mei Wah Williams, Kevin Austin and Abigail Yong on the content of the SMP, and the use of the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale in measuring change by offenders in the SMP. These offer some suggestions to improve our practice.

There is a group of articles by Corrections staff which address the practical application of MI and provide case studies of the use of MI techniques by programme facilitators, case managers, probation officers, corrections officers and psychologists.

Paul Whitehead’s paper outlines the theory behind therapeutic communities used in the STUs; the prison becomes part of the programme in such communities, and the paper demonstrates how powerful MI can become when used by both custodial and therapy staff.

Lauren Ball gives an effective example of partnership where we have worked with Child, Youth and Family to provide a short motivational programme for young offenders. An article from our colleagues in Health demonstrates the use of MI techniques with physical and mental health patients.

Finally, there is a review of the book by the founders of MI, Miller and Rollnick. Overall, this issue provides a comprehensive and well-rounded look at the use of MI techniques in Corrections in NZ. By bringing all these aspects of our work together it becomes easy to see what exciting progress we have made in training staff to use such techniques consistently across the Department. Although there are still gains to be made, it is clear the Department and its staff are committed to providing the best possible interventions to offenders to help them become pro-social members of our society.

Nikki Reynolds
Chief Psychologist, Department of Corrections


14 Jul 15
with: Department of Corrections categories: EvaluationResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticeSocial ServicesFamilies & WhānauRelationshipsMāoriPrisonersLifestyle & Standard of LivingQuality of Life

Issue one of Practice: The New Zealand Corrections Journal includes:

  • Editorial - Ray Smith
  • An evidence-base for reducing re-offending - Dr Carolina C. Lukkien and Dr Peter W. Johnston
  • Getting the balance right - Neil Beales
  • The role of the Chief Probation Officer and the Practice Leadership Team - Darius Fagan and Astrid Kalders
  • One size doesn’t fit all: reducing re-offending – a psychological perspective - Nikki Reynolds
  • Case managers making a real difference - Sacha Thorby
  • Why keep offenders’ secrets? The pros and cons of confidentiality - Jane Freeman-Brown
  • Probation practice: twenty years on - Clare Ingram
  • The right relationship - Lisa Young
  • Working effectively with Mâori - Neil Campbell and Uarnie More
  • Embedded literacy and numeracy - Rachel Bulliff


Inviting innovation, encouraging professionalism

It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the first issue of Practice: The New Zealand Corrections Journal, the new practice journal for staff and other professionals who work with offenders in New Zealand. This journal promotes and shares good practice with all those who work with offenders.

Some of you will be very familiar with journals like this one, some of you may have seldom, or never, picked one up. Yet all you need bring to this journal is the desire to be a true professional in your role, and a willingness to ‘go beyond the familiar’ when choosing which articles to read.

In fact, I hope you will read this journal cover-to-cover. I think you will be impressed by the range of knowledge and skill we have at Corrections. I also hope that as you read you will have your own ideas – and we will see even more innovation at Corrections as a result of sharing our practice in this way.

This first issue is intended to provide a smorgasbord of articles all of which illustrate the breadth and depth of knowledge and skills we are applying to the challenge of reducing re-offending. Corrections is committed to reducing re-offending by 25 percent by 2017. It is fitting therefore that the lead article in this first issue, by Carolina Lukkein and Peter Johnston, discusses how we actually measure 'what works' and the success of our efforts. The 'Three Chiefs', Chief Corrections Officer, Neil Beales, Chief Probation Officer, Darius Fagan and Former Chief Probation Officer, Astrid Kalders, and Chief Psychologist Nikki Reynolds introduce their roles and discuss the key themes of the work they are doing. Sarcha Thorby introduces the still-new role of case management via some case vignettes, and discusses the role of motivation in helping offenders change. Jane Freeman-Brown discusses the important concept of confidentiality in the work that psychologists carry out, while Clare Ingram charts the changes that have taken place in probation practice, the role of the Integrated Practice framework, dynamic risk assessment, and the Practice Leadership Framework. Lisa Young’s article discusses the 'right relationship' as a crucial element of corrections best practice.

Each issue of the journal will contain some special focus articles. In this issue Neil Campbell and Uarnie More write about involving whänau in the work being done in our new-look Mäori Focus Units. Rachel Bulliff discusses the benefits of embedding literacy and numeracy education in offender training and where this will take us next.

Each issue of Practice: The New Zealand Corrections Journal will offer a further opportunity for staff and others beyond Corrections to share ideas and promote best practice. If you have an idea for an article we would love to hear about it. Check out the information for contributors at the end of this issue.

Ray Smith
Chief Executive
Department of Corrections