Marianne Bevan

Research Projects

28 Nov 17
with: Department of Corrections categories: Literature reviewResearchCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsPrisoners

Editorial - Stephen Cunningham

Addressing the imbalance: Enhancing women's opportunities to build offence free lives through gender responsivity - Hannah McGlue

Collaborative, relational and responsive: Principles for the case management of women in prison - Marianne Bevan

Methamphetamine use disorders among New Zealand prisoners - Jill Bowman

Strengthening continuity of care: Corrections' Alcohol and Other Drug Aftercare Worker Pilot - Caitlin Chester

Suicide in New Zealand prisons - 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2016 - Robert Jones

Transforming intervention and support for at-risk prisoners - Deborah Alleyne

The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale: Validation for use as a screen for suicide risk in New Zealand prisons and probation settings - Dr Nick Wilson

An introduction to countering violent extremism - Jayde Walker

The last defence against gang crime: Exploring community approaches to gang member reintegration - part I - Armon Tamatea

Supported accommodation services for released offenders in New Zealand - a review - Diane Hallot and Madeline Patterson

From Māori Therapeutic Programmes to Mauri Tū Pae - Tara Hape

A review of the Saili Matagi Programme for make Pasifika prisoners - Lucy King and Sosefo Bourke

Measuring practice quality: A new approach in a Corrections setting - Giles Sulllivan

Safety leadership - creating a positive safety culture at Corrections - Louise Giles and Colin du Plessis

An integrated approach: Holistic assessment of vocational trainees - Graeme Couper

Do your stretch: Yoga as a rehabilitative intervention - Dr John Sinclair

Good to Grow: How's it working - Sebastian Collin Smyth and Darius Fagan

Focus groups in prison - Sophia Walter

Role differences between psychologists who work in Corrections and those who work in Forensic Health Services - Glen Kilgour and Nicola Tiller

Book review: Sport in Prison: Exploring the role of physical activity in corrections settings -Rosie Meek reviewed by Alan Walmsley

04 Aug 17
with: Department of Corrections categories: Literature reviewResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisons
09 Dec 16
with: Department of Corrections categories: Literature reviewResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsEmployment & Labour

Editorial - Changing practice; changing lives

This edition focuses on some key pieces of work being led by Corrections as well as initiatives being jointly led with other organisations, for example in the employment space and the family violence sector.

There are a number of articles that give us insight in to how much we have achieved over the last five years, in particular our Director Māori, Neil Campbell’s, article on tikanga-based programmes. This article reminds us that addressing the high rate of Mäori re-offending cannot be achieved alone and reinforces the need to collaborate with Mäori groups to improve the way we design and deliver programmes.

Wayne Goodall’s gem The Sentenced Prisoner Population 1980-2016: The link between policy changes and growth generates much food for thought. The article outlines key legislative and policy changes that have impacted on the growth and changing nature of the sentenced population.

As Goodall’s article highlights, there are now many more people in prison for drug offences, hence the need for evidence-based alcohol and drug treatment, as outlined in the article by Dr Jillian Mullen. The relevance of these programmes is highlighted by the complexity of the needs we are seeing in the youth who are sentenced to prison. Dr Ashley Shearer highlights the importance of a principled approach and the involvement of communities when working with young people in the prison setting.

This also applies to how we work with women in the custodial environment. Hannah McGlue’s article on trauma informed practice and the article from Bevan, Lynch and Morrison on female family violence perpetrators give rich information on understanding why women offend and how we can work differently with them to improve their lives.

These articles enable us to better understand those we are working with and how we can adapt our practice so they can make changes.

I cannot stress how much I recommend you to grab this edition and read it thoroughly. It will not only enrich your work, it will also remind you of our commitment to changing lives and how we can all make a difference every day.

Nova Banaghan
Director Quality and Performance, Service Development
Department of Corrections

Volume 4 Issue 2: December 2016:

Editorial - Changing practice; changing lives - Nova Banaghan

The Department of Corrections’ tikanga-based programmes - Neil Campbell

Innovations in reducing re-offending - Juanita Ryan, Robert Jones

The Sentenced Prisoner Population 1980-2016: The link between policy changes and growth - Wayne Goodall

Trauma hiding in plain view: the case for trauma informed practice in women’s prisons - Hannah McGlue

Cross-agency plan to deliver world leading interventions for people who use violence within their family - Zoey Henley

Towards an understanding of female family violence perpetrators: A study of women in prison - Marianne Bevan, Ella Lynch and Dr Bronwyn Morrison

Evidence-based principles for prison-based alcohol and drug treatment - Dr Jillian Mullen

State of mind: mental health services in New Zealand prisons - Kate Frame-Reid and Joshua Thurston

Supporting offenders into employment – a joint initiative - Marama Edwards and Stephen Cunningham

Guided Release: A graduated pathway enabling safe and successful reintegration for long-serving prisoners - Anita Edmonds

Aukaha te Waka – the Future of Probation 2016 – 2021 - Brent Reilly

An exploratory analysis into the mortality of offenders - Ong Su-Wuen, Ella Lynch

Building relationships to improve outcomes for youth in Corrections - Dr Ashley Shearer

Book Review: What Works in Crime Prevention and Rehabilitation - Kahurangi Graham

Book Review: Environmental corrections: A new paradigm for supervising offenders in the community - Dr Peter Johnston

Information for contributors


04 Mar 16
with: Department of Corrections categories: ResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyWomenLifestyle & Standard of Living

This research was focused on the narratives of a group of women in New Zealand who had served sentences managed by the Department of Corrections, had received some form of rehabilitation, but nevertheless had re-offended. It sought to understand what women thought were important factors driving their re-offending, and how approaches to rehabilitative assistance could be improved to support desistance from crime. The study involved interviews with 54 women who were currently serving a prison sentence, had served at least one prior custodial or community sentence in the past six years, and had previously attended a rehabilitation programme.

12 Feb 16
with: NZ Police categories: EvaluationResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyPrisonsVictimsPrisonersWomenYouth


  • Twenty years of Corrections - The evolution of offender rehabilitation - Dr Peter Johnston
  • The High Risk Personality Programme - Revised: An evaluation report - Dr Nick Wilson, Glen Kilgour
  • Women's experiences of rehabilitation and re-offending summary of findings - Marianne Bevan
  • Te Kupenga - An approach to working with offending families - Jill Bowman
  • Public protection orders - Managing the most dangerous offenders under a civil regime - Michael Herder
  • Co-morbidity research - Part one - Jill Bowman
  • What does it mean when Corrections says we will place the victim at the centre of our concerns in the family violence context? - Julie Sach, Rachel Smith
  • Making a difference for young people in prison - Kathy Foster
  • Rolleston Prison - Reflections on a multi-disciplinary team in action - Mike Howson, Alexandra Green, Gill Roper, Megan Stenswick
  • Reduced re-offending by 25% by 2017 - David Lewis, Kerry Consedine, Janice Hickey
  • Frontline Futures - Uarnie More
  • Characteristics of a learning culture - Darren Johnson
  • Psychopathy and its implication for criminal justice - Dr Nick Wilson
  • Book review: Self-Insight: Roadblocks and Detours on the path to knowing thy self - David Dunning (2005), reviewed by Dr Crista McDaniel
  • Book review: The Girls in the Gang - Glennis Dennehy and Greg Newbold, Reviewed by Shelley Kennedy
  • Information for contributors

Evidence based practice: What does it mean for us?

The Department’s frameworks for the rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders are based on the evidence of ‘what works’. This issue of Practice contains a number of themes and principles that are well-recognised as being successful in the reduction of re-offending.

To acknowledge the Department’s 20th anniversary, Peter Johnston gives us some insight into how the Department’s approach to offender rehabilitation has evolved over the years. The article highlights many changes that have come into effect as a result of using evidence based research from New Zealand and around the world.

Principles such as targeting interventions towards offenders’ needs and aligning the intensity of these interventions with assessed risk are paramount in creating change. These principles of Risk and Need must, of course, be coupled with Responsivity. The articles by Kathy Foster, Nick Wilson, and Julie Sach and Rachel Smith illuminate the importance of these principles.

Previous editions of Practice have focused on collaboration and motivational interviewing, and we re-visit these themes in this issue. The article by Mike Howson, Alexandra Green, Gill Roper and Megan Stenswick explores how a multi-disciplinary team is working in action and the benefits this has for offenders. Jill Bowman presents a multi-disciplinary team in a different context, showing similar positive outcomes.

Motivational interviewing is internationally accepted as effective to encourage and maintain change. As highlighted by Nick Wilson and Glen Kilgour’s article, Marianne Bevan’s article, and the article by David Lewis, Kerry Consedine and Janice Hickey, building motivation in offenders is important if they are to change and sustain that change.

Woven throughout many of the articles is the evidence based principle of risk assessment, which is vital in mitigating risk. However, at times, mitigation of risk requires more than rehabilitation interventions; sometimes the public need extra protection. This issue is explored in the article by Michael Herder, who introduces us to public protection orders.

We also touch on how, as an organisation, we need to use people’s experience and knowledge to continue making a difference. Darren Johnson discusses learning cultures, and Uarnie More looks at our new way of recruiting the right people for the job.

I hope this issue of the journal enriches your practice, and encourages you to always act on the evidence.


Sarah Symonds

Director Case Management
NZ Department of Corrections

14 Jul 15
with: Department of Corrections categories: EvaluationLiterature reviewResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsHealth & Safety at WorkPrisoners


  • Editorial- Darius Fagan
  • Desistance from crime: A review of the literature - Marianne Bevan
  • Discovering desistance: Reconfiguring criminal justice? - Fergus McNeill, Stephen Farrall, Claire Lightowler and Shadd Maruna
  • Lessons from research into youth desistance - Jill Bowman
  • The role of release planning in the reintegration experiences of high-risk offenders - Sophie R. Dickson & Devon L. L. Polaschek
  • Desistance in high-risk prisoners: Pre-release self-reported desistance commitment and perceptions of change predict 12-month survival - Devon L. L. Polaschek & Julia A. Yesberg
  • Practice note: Building recovery, reducing crime - Kathryn Leafe
  • The problem with ‘the problem with gangs’: Reflections on practice and offender desistance - Armon Tamatea
  • Physical Readiness Assessment and staff resilience - Dr Alan Walmsley
  • Whakamanahia Wahine Programme for low-risk women offenders - Dr Annie Weir
  • Book review: The Resilience Factor - Karen Reivich, PhD & Andrew Shatte, PhD
  • Book review: Desistance from Sex Offending: Alternatives to Throwing Away the Keys - Laws, R. & Ward, T. (2010). Reviewed by Benita Stiles-Smith, PhD
  • Information for contributors.


The desistance issue

Often articles and information about desistance leave me with more questions than answers.  Like many practitioners, I am desperate to find the dummies guide ‘how to stop offenders re-offending’, however it is never likely to be that simple.

Desistance is a term widely used in the fields of criminology and criminal psychology to describe the process of an offender successfully stopping or reducing offending over a period of time. While the term is widely used in the research, it is only just beginning to emerge in our thinking in frontline practice in Aotearoa. However, those of us who work with offenders must develop systems and practices that give offenders the best chance of desisting from crime. In this issue of Practice we get the opportunity to explore the topic of desistance further and in context for New Zealand practitioners.

In this issue we have gathered a range of articles from New Zealand and the wider world that I hope will challenge practitioners to think about their practice differently. Throughout all of the articles there is a common thread that the ‘offender / client / service user’ perspective is very important to ensuring a system promotes change and a move toward desistance.  Many articles encourage a collaborative approach; this makes a lot of sense given every individual is unique and every case different, making it imperative for us to customise our practice based on the person and circumstances in front of us.

If you are new to the idea of desistance, a good place to start in this issue is the literature review by Marianne Bevan. This summarises concepts from a comprehensive range of the most prominent authors and articles on desistance.

There are two articles related to the Department’s on-going parole research project led by Devon Polascheck from Victoria University.  The article by Dickson and Polaschek examines the importance of offenders’ individual release plans. Polaschek and Yesberg then examine the relationship between an individual’s commitment to change and the likelihood of desistance from crime over a 12 month period.

A comprehensive research report by Jill Bowman into youth desistance follows the Department commissioning Dr Jarrod Gilbert to locate and interview 50 high risk young offenders who ‘desisted’ from crime. The report contains some salient information for practitioners about what works and what does not and in particular emphasises the importance of reintegrative assistance, and eliciting and enhancing pro-desistance self talk.

We are also privileged to have an international article in this issue contributed by Fergus McNeill, Stephen Farrall, Claire Lightowler and Shadd Maruna who are amongst the world’s leading researchers on the topic of desistance. The article presents ten propositions that were developed from a series of workshops throughout the UK that focused on the development of practice for desistance.  Some of these propositions challenge common current practice ideals and encourage us to think differently about how our systems operate.

One of the book reviews in this issue looks at The Resilience Factor which is considered a bit of a bible for anyone who wants to develop their knowledge of resilience to work with offenders or build personal resilience.

So, I hope this issue of Practice will leave you with a lot of questions about your practice, as it’s only by questioning what we do that we improve. There probably is no simple ‘answer’ to how to stop re-offending, but this issue of Practice will give you a lot of clues and guidance to hone your practice.

Darius Fagan
Chief Probation Officer, Department of Corrections

14 Jul 15
with: Department of Corrections categories: EvaluationResearchConflict & Conflict ResolutionCrime & SafetyLaw & JusticePrisonsSocial Security & WelfareTertiary EducationTransportGovernance & KaitiakitangaPolicyPublic ServiceDrugs & AlcoholHealthcarePrisonersYouth

Volume 2 Issue 3 of Practice: The New Zealand Corrections Journal focuses on Collaboration and Partnerships and includes:

  • Editorial - Ben Clark
  • Custodial / case management practice collaboration in a custodial environment - Sarah Symonds, Neil Beales
  • Collaborating at the frontline – the Frontline Flagships Programme - Karin Schofield
  • Addressing the Drivers of Crime – increasing access to alcohol and drug treatment for community offenders - Tangihaere Walker
  • The Youth Crime Action Plan – the evolution of a successful approach - Megan Davis
  • New Zealand Gangs: A collaborative approach to reducing re-offending and the harms caused by gangs - Jeanette Schlemmer
  • The Chair in Restorative Justice at Victoria University of Wellington: An exercise in interagency collaboration - Professor Chris Marshall
  • Partnering for results: Designing a custodial public/private partnership (PPP) - Karen Mitchell, Rachael Cole
  • ‘Out of Gate’: Collaboration supports reintegration - Grace Smit, Maree O’Regan & Marianne Bevan
  • Practice note: Road safety days for offenders – a case study of a collaborative project in Whanganui/Taranaki district - Annette Perrett
  • Nudge: A cause for international collaboration in public policy - Marcus Smith


Welcome to our issue on collaboration and partnerships

The Government’s Better Public Services targets require government agencies to collaborate better than they have in the past in order to meet the needs of the citizen. To support this collaboration, the State Services Commission  has made achieving a ‘collective impact’ one of its three key strategic portfolios.

This edition of the Practice Journal celebrates examples of the type of collaboration that the Government is pursuing. The articles reflect some of the many levels at which collaboration can occur. They highlight that the challenge is not in bringing different people together around a shared purpose; the challenge lies in getting  them to operate effectively when they do, without creating dependency. As Charles Darwin put it, “it is the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) that those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed”.

This edition opens with an article on the collaboration taking place at the front-line in prisons that is critical in striking the balance between maintaining public safety and supporting rehabilitation. Tangihaere Walker’s article on the work to achieve more joined-up health services, as well as the Youth Crime Action Plan and Gang Strategy articles, emphasise how shared strategic priorities across Government agencies have helped to turn good intentions into action. To collaborate and build an effective partnership, all sides need a stake, not just good will.

A key aspect of collaboration that comes through in several of the articles is the importance of giving people a voice. The Practice Note on Road Safety from one of our Gold Make a Difference Award winners, shows how collaboration can build from the ground up with multiple stakeholders, so long as everyone understands the expectations of the endeavour. Similarly, the article on the Public Private Partnership with SecureFuture reveals how that ‘voice’ has been built into the contract: the contract sets out the what, not the how. The review of the Department’s new Out of Gate service highlights the potential for providers to evolve the extent of their collaboration over time, as trust grows with increased understanding.

The Frontline Flagships article builds on the theme of collective impact. It ends with an outline of the five key conditions of collective success and a toolkit to support collaboration. Professor Chris Marshall discusses the unique arrangement that has seen several government agencies, along with a private charitable trust, fund a dedicated senior academic post in restorative justice.

The edition ends with an intriguing article written by Marcus Smith on the ‘nudge’ phenomenon, arguing that we should develop our approach by collaborating with those in other countries who are already experimenting.

All the articles in this edition reinforce the notion that, “the secret is to gang up on the problem, rather than each other” (Thomas Stallkamp). To frame the challenge of collaboration according to the nudge principles: almost everyone is doing it – why not you?

Ben Clark
Assistant General Manager Programme & Implementation, Department of Corrections