This study relates to an in-depth quantitative analysis of gambling and problem gambling data from the 2011/12 New Zealand Health Survey (NZHS). The 2011/12 New Zealand Health Survey gathered data through face-to-face interviews with approximately 12,000 randomly selected adults aged 15 years and over throughout New Zealand. It provides information about health behaviours, lifestyles, health status, and access to healthcare. Questions on gambling and problem gambling have been included in the three most recent New Zealand Health Surveys - 2002/03, 2006/07 and 2011/12.
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The overall aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the full gambling and problem gambling dataset collected in the 2011/12 NZHS. Specifically, this report:
- Provides population based estimates of gambling and problem gambling behaviours in relation to individuals’ (adults aged 15 years or older) own gambling behaviour and the gambling behaviour of others (i.e. people affected by someone else’s gambling).
- Examines similarities and disparities in gambling and problem gambling behaviours according to major socio-demographic variables: age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status/deprivation, education, employment status and income.
- Explores associations between gambling and problem gambling behaviours and potential risk/resiliency factors, including: socio-demographic factors; use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs; level of functioning; long-term mental health conditions (depression, manic depression, anxiety), and use of health services.
- Examines trends over time for gambling and problem gambling data where permissible (i.e. time series analysis of NZHS data from 2002/03, 2006/07 and 2011/12).