Childhood sexual abuse can have significant short- and long-term effects, including the subsequent development of alcohol use disorder. This report is an evidence-based guide on the association between childhood sexual abuse and alcohol use disorder (including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence) as a teenager/adult. These findings will be used to assist in the decision making process regarding cover and entitlements of those who have experienced childhood sexual abuse and later developed alcohol use disorder.
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Four hundred and fifty-four clients of problem gambling treatment services took part in a short survey on gambling and family/whānau violence and abuse. There were 370 gamblers and 84 affected others (e.g. partners, other family members and friends). The survey took place from June 2013 to March 2015.
There is disquiet among some members of the public who perceive that offenders who abuse children are given lighter sentences than offenders who abuse adults. Their concerns were brought to the fore in October 2000 when a woman was sentenced to four months imprisonment for dousing her ten-year-old foster son in petrol and accidentally setting him alight.
This report summarises the evidence in relation to what works for the primary prevention of child abuse and neglect (CAN) including child sexual abuse (CSA) with a focus on children aged 0-5 and the adults around them.
The review addresses the following research questions:
1. What are the risk and protective factors for CAN and CSA within a socio-ecological framework?
2. What are the various delivery mechanisms for CAN & CSA prevention interventions?
This working paper is concerned with how to think about the configuration of services in the care and protection sector, and the sort of evidential and research platform that is required to ensure that care and protection services meet demand and effectively address the needs of children and young people who are abused and/or neglected or who persistently demonstrate antisocial behaviours.
People trafficking is difficult to detect as the modus operandi of traffickers and trafficking syndicates is thought to evolve in response to efforts to eradicate the crime. As estimated by the US Department of State, approximately 800,000 people are trafficked annually across international borders, with 80 percent of victims believed to be female, and up to 50 percent minors. It is believed that the majority of this trafficking is for commercial sexual exploitation.
The Classification Office commissioned researchers from Victoria University to conduct a literature review focusing on research conducted in the 1990s or later. The review grouped together studies that used similar methods, commenting on methodological strengths and weaknesses as well as reporting on the findings. The aim of this review was to draw out common themes and to highlight trends and gaps in the literature.
While it is commonly accepted that alcohol misuse is harmful, very little is known about the effects of alcohol on the lives of children in New Zealand, particularly those under the age of 16. This special report was commissioned to investigate the role that alcohol consumption plays in the deaths of children and young people in New Zealand.
Suffocation, foreign body inhalation and strangulation are well-recognised causes of death in the paediatric age group. Data from the United States and United Kingdom show a significant burden of death due to unintentional suffocation, choking or strangulation.
The prevalence of family violence is a persistent challenge facing New Zealand. Its effects are pervasive, spanning multiple levels: individuals, family/whānau, communities, and society in general. A major challenge in effectively addressing family violence is the apparent disconnect that exists between the various agencies and services that interact with families/whānau where abuse has become a defining feature of their lives. Despite efforts by agencies to become more collaborative, they tend to function in silos.
The New Zealand Human Rights Commission (NZHRC) has in the reporting period taken seriously its role in monitoring the State Party’s implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
This paper outlines:
- A brief overview of the New Zealand environment
The key issues identified as continuing challenges to the implementation of CEDAW by New Zealand. These are:
This report reflects the information and data currently available on disabled people. The partners in the monitoring mechanism agreed to focus on certain aspects of the Disability Convention rights for this first year of monitoring, and to set indicators and measures of progress (given the available data). As there are significant gaps in data on disability rights, there are significant gaps in this report.
As a member of both the Taskforce for Action on Sexual Violence and the Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families, Te Puni Kōkiri completed two significant initiatives – the Tiaki Tinana Report and the Māori Research Agenda.
The Tiaki Tinana Report is a case study of Tiaki Tinana, a sexual violence prevention project delivered within a Kaupapa Māori Framework. You can download a summary publication of this report below.
During the past decade, significant public concern has focused on the use of the Internet to access child pornography and other legally objectionable material. Media reference to individuals involved in such activity typically portrays them as socially isolated ‘paedophiles’, ‘perverts’ and ‘sexual predators’ whose offence behaviour is encouraged by on-line associations with others who share their interest in this material.
This multi-ethnic (Samoan, Cook Island, Tonga, Niue, Fiji, Tokelau and Tuvalu) research project discusses ethnic-specific Pacific views of sexual violence, including protective and risk factors. The project analyses the extent to which traditional Pacific cultural sexual violence prevention methods have been upheld or have broken down within the New Zealand context, and in doing so examines Pacific cultural sexual violence prevention approaches that could be further developed by sexual violence workforce in New Zealand.
New Zealand Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (NZ-ADAM) is a programme which seeks to measure drug and alcohol use among people who have recently been apprehended by police.
NZ Police obtained funding for a one-year initial pilot of NZ-ADAM at four sites (Whangarei, Henderson, Hamilton and Dunedin) to be followed by a three-year extension should the pilot prove to be successful and useful. Health Outcomes International (HOI) was contracted by NZ Police to conduct the pilot.
Heretaunga Tiaki Tamariki is a community youth programme aimed at reducing repeat offending of high-risk young people aged between 11 and 17 years, and is located in the Flaxmere Police Station. The report is the final evaluation of the HTT Project. It covers the period from programme inception on 10 February 2003 to 31 December 2005.
This report discusses the quality of education at the nine Child Youth and Family (CYF) residential schools. These schools provide education for the young people in New Zealand's Youth Justice and Care and Protection services.The Education Review Office found that the quality of education across most of the CYF schools was not of a consistently high standard. Most of these schools need to make improvements in the delivery of the curriculum, the planning and programme design for individual students, and the processes to transition students to further education, training or employment.
I am pleased to introduce this report as it provides a wealth of information on re-offending patterns amongst released prisoners.
The statistical information in this report is based on a cohort of offenders released from prison sentences in New Zealand over a 12 months period in 2002-2003.
While there is no reason to believe that overall rates of re-imprisonment in New Zealand are worse than those of other countries, from my perspective these rates are too high, and need to come down.
This report is the second in a series of reports which summarise patterns of reconviction (over 5 years) amongst almost 35000 offenders who started community sentences in 2002/03.
Offender characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, age at start of sentence, age at first conviction, offence type and offenders’ previous criminal history are each examined with reference to reconviction and imprisonment.
The study also pays particular attention to reconviction outcomes for offenders on Home Detention orders.