Te Hohounga: Mai I Te Tirohanga Māori – The Process of Reconciliation: Towards a Māori View - The Delivery of Conduct Problem Services to Māori (Te Hohounga). The report was commissioned by the Ministry of Social Development in 2009. The author, Lisa Cherrington, (Ngati Hine, Ngapuhi), is a Senior Clinical Psychologist, School of Psychology, Massey University.
Te Hohounga contributes toward a Māori view of conduct problems and to provide advice on how Māori tamariki, taiohi and whānau experiencing conduct problems receive the most effective and culturally enhancing interventions possible and on improving behavioural services for Māori.
The advice in Te Hohounga is also the cornerstone for chapter four in Conduct Problems: Effective Services to 8-12 Year Olds by the Advisory Group on Conduct Problems. Te Hohounga is also acknowledged to be fundamental when considering the development of Kaupapa programmes as part of the ‘Conduct and Behavioural Problems’ Drivers of Crime workstream (Ministry of Justice-led) and part of the Positive Behaviour for Learning Action Plan (Ministry of Education).
The starting point to Te Hohounga is the importance of indigenous knowledge and identity, and how this is reflected in mythology stories to understand, and respond to, conduct problems:
“Kōrero pūrākau (mythology stories) highlight the impact of separation. After Ranginui and Papatuanuku were separated, their children all had different reactions. Kōrero pūrākau show us how our atua coped, adapted and dealt with change, separation and loss. Aspects of tikanga came about from the actions of the atua who were reacting to the changes. In addition, the pūrākau show the capacity for both positive and negative actions. When considering the behaviour of each of the children, the pūrākau reflect a strong, strengths-based focus. This is relevant to viewing conduct problems within a Te Ao Māori perspective”.
As a result of the recommendations made by AGCP and TRK, this report was commissioned by the Ministry of Social Development (MSD) to better understand a Te Ao Māori perspective when engaging with Māori tamariki, taiohi and whānau experiencing conduct problems. TRK recommended that a major investment be made in gathering and analysing evidence from a Te Ao Māori context and that a report would help start this initiative. MSD requested that the report address the following issues:
- provide guidance for government and non-government organisations in delivery of conduct problems programmes directed at tamariki, taiohi, whānau, hapū and iwi.
- provide advice on how to engage and support tamariki, taiohi, whānau, hapū and iwi in the delivery of conduct problem programmes outline
- cultural protocols of engagement and support for whānau
- identify cultural supports required to encourage Māori whānau beyond programme delivery sessions
- outline Te Ao Māori principles relevant to the delivery of generic programmes
- discuss principles of cultural competency for Māori and tauiwi practitioners identify indicators that could measure whānau ora.