This report provides an analysis that allows us to see how institutional strategies have evolved in the light of changing policy over the last ten years (2001 to 2011).
- universities now employ a higher proportion of senior academic staff, in response to the greater focus on research performance
- universities have moved to more part-time teaching staff to help manage the costs of the shift to senior academic staff
- polytechnics now employ a higher proportion of principal lecturers due to the ‘drag effect’ of an ageing workforce, that is, people entering as lecturers and staying to become principal lecturers or deans/heads of school. Overall, the structure of the academic staff at polytechnics has not changed significantly
- universities also employ a higher proportion of professors due to the ‘drag effect’ of an ageing workforce, that is, people entering as lecturers and staying to become senior lecturers or professors.
- the universities and polytechnics now employ a similar proportion of part-time teaching staff
- wānanga now employ a higher proportion of full-time teaching staff
- the ratio of students to academic staff has increased across the sector, due to:
- changes in the enrolments pattern caused by the recent population bulge entering tertiary education
- increased tertiary education demand as a result of the continued high unemployment rates
- rising international enrolments
- a shift to higher-level and longer qualifications
- a shift towards a greater share of enrolments in more applied fields
- as a proportion of total staff, the academic staff employed by tertiary education institutions has remained stable.